What is canine hepatozoonosis [hep-toe-zoo-no-sis}?
Canine hepatozoonosis infection comes in two forms. Hepatozoon americanum is transmitted by the Gulf Coast tick, and Hepatozoon canis is transmitted by the brown dog tick. Unlike other vector-borne diseases that are transmitted by tick bite, both forms of canine hepatozoonosis are transmitted when a dog eats or otherwise ingests an infected tick.
What are the symptoms of Hepatozoon canis?
A dog infected with Hepatozoon canis may show few if any signs, but some of the more common symptoms can include any of the following:
- Weight loss
What are the symptoms of Hepatozoon americanum?Hepatozoon americanum affects muscle cells, resulting in a debilitating and usually fatal condition. A dog infected with Hepatozoon americanum will typically show severe symptoms that occur intermittently. These can include any of the following:
- Generalized pain
- Loss of muscle mass with chronic weight loss
- Discharge from the eyes
Where is canine hepatozoonosis found?
Cases of canine hepatozoonosis have been reported in the eastern and middle-southern reigons of the United States.